Windows Terminal是微软出品的新版终端,可扩展性超高,用户可以很大程度的DIY终端外观,比旧版Cmd这个小黑框更好看也更强大。

安装

  • 进入Windosw自带的应用商店搜索Windows Terminal,点击安装即可。也可以根据文档下载Microsoft/Terminal源码自行安装

1

基本配置

  • 首先打开Windows Terminal终端,点击下三角图标,选择Settings打开配置文件profiles.json

2

  • 这里举例配置PowerShellCmd,如需其它终端如GitBash,可参考以下代码自行配置

点击查看配置

"profiles":
[
    {
        // PowerShell
        "guid": "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff44bf}",  // 唯一ID
        "name": "PowerShell",
        "commandline": "powershell.exe", // 命令行所在位置
        "colorScheme" : "Campbell",      // 主题
        "useAcrylic": true,              // 毛玻璃
        "acrylicOpacity" : 0.8,          // 不透明度
        "fontSize": 10,                  // 字体大小
        "fontFace" : "Consolas",         // 字体
        "cursorShape" : "emptyBox",      // 光标形状,bar/emptyBox/filledBox/underscore/vintage
        "padding": "10, 10, 10, 10",     // 边距
        "closeOnExit": true,             // 关闭时退出终端
        "startingDirectory": "./",       // 当前目录打开
        "historySize": 9001,             // 上滚历史行数
        "hidden": false
    },
    {
        // Command
        "guid": "{0caa0dad-35be-5f56-a8ff-afceeeaa6101}",
        "name": "Command",
        "commandline": "cmd.exe",        // 命令行所在位置
        "colorScheme" : "Campbell",      // 主题
        "useAcrylic": true,              // 毛玻璃
        "acrylicOpacity" : 0.8,          // 不透明度
        "fontSize": 10,                  // 字体大小
        "fontFace" : "Consolas",         // 字体
        "cursorShape" : "emptyBox",      // 光标形状,bar/emptyBox/filledBox/underscore/vintage
        "padding": "10, 10, 10, 10",     // 边距
        "closeOnExit": true,             // 关闭时退出终端
        "startingDirectory": "./",       // 当前目录打开
        "hidden": false,
        "historySize": 9001
    }
],

美化

修改字体

  • 推荐字体Fira Code,进入Github仓库,点击上方releases,下载FiraCode_2.zip,下载完成后解压,进入tff文件夹,双击安装即可。
  • 安装完成后,打开配置文件profiles.json,修改字体属性后保存
"profiles":
[
    {
        // PowerShell
        ......
        "fontFace" : "Fira Code",  // 字体
        ......
    }
]

修改配色

  • 打开终端配色开源库iTerm2-Color-Schemes,选择喜欢的配色方案。例如这里选择的是rebecca,在配色库中找到rebecca.json,点击进入,复制配色方案

点击查看配色方案

{
  "name": "rebecca",
  "black": "#12131e",
  "red": "#dd7755",
  "green": "#04dbb5",
  "yellow": "#f2e7b7",
  "blue": "#7aa5ff",
  "purple": "#bf9cf9",
  "cyan": "#56d3c2",
  "white": "#e4e3e9",
  "brightBlack": "#666699",
  "brightRed": "#ff92cd",
  "brightGreen": "#01eac0",
  "brightYellow": "#fffca8",
  "brightBlue": "#69c0fa",
  "brightPurple": "#c17ff8",
  "brightCyan": "#8bfde1",
  "brightWhite": "#f4f2f9",
  "background": "#292a44",
  "foreground": "#e8e6ed"
}

  • 打开配置文件profiles.json,下拉找到schemes列表,将复制的配色方案粘贴进去

点击查看配色方案

"schemes": [
        {
          "name": "rebecca",
          "black": "#12131e",
          "red": "#dd7755",
          "green": "#04dbb5",
          "yellow": "#f2e7b7",
          "blue": "#7aa5ff",
          "purple": "#bf9cf9",
          "cyan": "#56d3c2",
          "white": "#e4e3e9",
          "brightBlack": "#809699",
          "brightRed": "#ff92cd",
          "brightGreen": "#01eac0",
          "brightYellow": "#fffca8",
          "brightBlue": "#69c0fa",
          "brightPurple": "#c17ff8",
          "brightCyan": "#8bfde1",
          "brightWhite": "#f4f2f9",
          "background": "#292a44",
          "foreground": "#e8e6ed"
        }
    ]

  • 最后修改profiles列表中相应终端的colorScheme属性为配色方案中的name

点击查看配置

"profiles":
[
    {
        // PowerShell
        ......
        "colorScheme" : "rebecca",       // 主题
        ......
    }
]

添加Emoji

Typecho编辑器好像不支持Emoji,附一个Emoji表情网站,需要请自取
  • 使用管理员模式打开PowerShell,输入以下命令创建配置文件
if (!(Test-Path -Path $PROFILE )) { New-Item -Type File -Path $PROFILE -Force }
# C:\Users\[用户名]\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1
  • 安装choco
> iwr https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1 -UseBasicParsing | iex
> choco                # 测试是否安装成功
  • 使用choco安装ConEmu
> choco install ConEmu
  • 安装oh-my-poshposh-git
> Install-Module posh-git -Scope CurrentUser
> Install-Module oh-my-posh -Scope CurrentUser
> install-module posh-git
  • 打开PowerShell配置文件,如果不知道文件路径可使用$PROFILE查看,打开后插入以下语句
Import-Module posh-git
Import-Module oh-my-posh
Set-Theme Paradox  # 设置主题,具体可选主题可看后面
function prompt {"PS $pwd X >" }    # X代表Emoji表情
  • 最后在PowerShell内输入配置文件路径来更新配置并重启PowerShell

随机Emoji

  • 打开oh-my-posh主题配置文件目录
# 主题配置文件目录
C:\Users\[用户名]\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\oh-my-posh\2.0.332\Themes\ 
  • 选择想修改的主题文件,复制一份重命名为myTheme.psm1,打开myTheme.psm1进行修改
  • 找到以下表示右箭头>的语句,并在其前面加入#进行注释
# $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object ($sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator) -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor
  • 然后插入以下代码
$food = Get-Random -InputObject ("X","X","X"....)  # X代表Emoji标签
$color = Get-Random -InputObject ("VirtualEnvBackgroundColor", "WithForegroundColor", "GitDefaultColor", "PromptHighlightColor", "PromptBackgroundColor", "WithBackgroundColor")
$prompt += Write-Prompt -Object ($sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator) -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.$color
$prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$food "

3

  • 最后打开PowerShell配置文件,应用myTheme主题
Set-Theme myTheme  # 设置主题
  • 最终效果

4

其它

  • myTheme主题配置
#requires -Version 2 -Modules posh-git

function Write-Theme {
    param(
        [bool]
        $lastCommandFailed,
        [string]
        $with
    )

    $lastColor = $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    $prompt = Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.StartSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor

    #check the last command state and indicate if failed
    If ($lastCommandFailed) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.FailedCommandSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.CommandFailedIconForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }

    #check for elevated prompt
    If (Test-Administrator) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.ElevatedSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.AdminIconForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }

    $user = $sl.CurrentUser
    $computer = [System.Environment]::MachineName
    $path = Get-FullPath -dir $pwd
    if (Test-NotDefaultUser($user)) {
        # User@Hostname 
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$user " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.GitDefaultColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
        # $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$user@$computer " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }

    if (Test-VirtualEnv) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.VirtualEnvSymbol) $(Get-VirtualEnvName) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    }
    else {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    }

    # Writes the drive portion
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$path " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor

    $status = Get-VCSStatus
    if ($status) {
        $themeInfo = Get-VcsInfo -status ($status)
        $lastColor = $themeInfo.BackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol) -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $lastColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object " $($themeInfo.VcInfo) " -BackgroundColor $lastColor -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.GitForegroundColor
    }

    # Writes the postfix to the prompt
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $lastColor

    # Time
    # $timeStamp = Get-Date -UFormat %R
    # $timestamp = "$timeStamp"
    # $prompt += Set-CursorForRightBlockWrite -textLength ($timestamp.Length + 1)     # 一堆空格到行末
    # $prompt += Write-Prompt $timeStamp -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.GitDefaultColor  # 行末
    # $prompt += Set-Newline  # NewLine

    if ($with) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($with.ToUpper()) " -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.WithBackgroundColor -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.WithForegroundColor
    }

    # $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object ($sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator) -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor
    # $prompt
    
    ######################
    $food = Get-Random -InputObject (“X”,“X”,“X”,“X”,“X”,)
    $color = Get-Random -InputObject ("VirtualEnvBackgroundColor", "WithForegroundColor", "GitDefaultColor", "PromptHighlightColor", "PromptBackgroundColor", "WithBackgroundColor")
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object ($sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator) -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.$color
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$food "
    ######################

}

$sl = $global:ThemeSettings #local settings
$sl.PromptSymbols.StartSymbol = ''
$sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0x276F)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B0)
$sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::White
$sl.Colors.PromptSymbolColor = [ConsoleColor]::White
$sl.Colors.PromptHighlightColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkBlue
$sl.Colors.GitForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Black
$sl.Colors.WithForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkRed
$sl.Colors.WithBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Magenta
$sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::Red
$sl.Colors.VirtualEnvForegroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::White
最后修改:2020 年 08 月 22 日 12 : 20 AM
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